Assessing the Economic Viability of Climate-Resilient Crop Varieties for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Jacques Tsumbu


The adoption of climate-resilient crop varieties holds immense promise as a strategy to enhance the resilience of agricultural systems in the face of changing climatic conditions. This research delves into the intricate dynamics of farmer decision-making, socioeconomic impacts, and the interplay of policy and market contexts in the context of adopting climate-resilient crop varieties. Through a comprehensive analysis, this study unveils the multifaceted factors that influence farmers' choices, ranging from economic considerations and risk perceptions to access to resources and market dynamics. The socioeconomic impacts resulting from the adoption of climate-resilient crop varieties transcend conventional productivity gains. Improved incomes, heightened food security, resilience to climate shocks, reduced environmental pressures, gender empowerment, and expanded market opportunities collectively contribute to a more holistic and sustainable agricultural landscape. Furthermore, the research underscores the inseparable relationship between effective policy frameworks and responsive market dynamics. Policies that promote research and development, support extension services, and provide incentives are aligned with market demand, enhancing the potential for successful adoption. The findings of this research have far-reaching implications for policy development, agricultural extension services, and development programs aimed at fostering climate resilience. By recognizing the diverse motivations and constraints that farmers face, policymakers and practitioners can tailor interventions that resonate with local realities. The integration of climate adaptation and resilience strategies into national policies and alignment with broader climate agendas is underscored as a crucial pathway toward sustainable agriculture.

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