Pain Evaluation and Treatment Techniques Designed Specially for Hospital Nurses in Order to Provide High-Quality Health Care Services

Main Article Content

Wielfrid Chokwueze
Kulechy Ịhenache


The purpose of this research was to examine the pain evaluation and treatment procedures used by practicing nurses. The research is a descriptive cross-sectional research that was conducted on 146 nurses who were directly engaged in patient care, were not on leave throughout the data collecting period, and volunteered to participate in the research using the convenience sample methodology. The data collection instrument was a pretested self-structured questionnaire with a 0.9 reliability value. Sorting, coding, entering, and analyzing data were performed using the SPSS version 23.0 software program at a 5% level of significance. The majority of respondents, 136 (93.1 percent), were female, while just 10 (6.9 percent) were male. 48 (23.9 percent) of respondents were SNOs, 86 (58.9 percent) of respondents had 6–10 years of experience, 120 (82.2 percent) were married, and 140 (95.9 percent ) were Christians. Concerning respondents' degree of knowledge regarding pain assessment techniques, 28 (19.2 percent) had inadequate knowledge, 44 (30.1 percent) had acceptable knowledge, and 74 (50.7 percent) had enough information. Self-reported pain management strategies included patient positioning and movement, massage, breathing exercises, diversional therapy, the use of warm or hot compresses, encouraging rest and relaxation, the use of both weak and strong opioid analgesics, and the administration of non-opioid analgesics. Using chi-square analysis, it was shown that there is no statistically significant relationship between nurses' knowledge and use of pain assessment instruments (p-value =0.15).

Article Details

How to Cite
Chokwueze, W., & Ịhenache, K. . (2021). Pain Evaluation and Treatment Techniques Designed Specially for Hospital Nurses in Order to Provide High-Quality Health Care Services. Journal Wetenskap Health , 2(2), 1-7.


Accardi, G. (2009). The effect of chronic pain on health related quality of life among intensive care survivors

Carpentio, D. (2007). Postoperative pain management for the aging patient. Retrieved May 2016 from

Carr, L. & Thomas D. (2006). Pain management modalities utilized by nurses in emergency departments. Journal of Pain Management, 67(21):178-80

Eccleston, D. (2011). The nature of pain experience. Nursing Standard 43(2):100-105

Ereck, P. & Poc, G. (2004). Understanding pain. Nursing Times 40(2):100-110

International Association for the Study of Pain (2011). Pain assessment and management. Retrieved 12th October, 2016 from

McCaffery, B. (2008). Pain management in labour. Canadian Anaesth 51(9):866-891

Mek, L. & Oliver, P. (2006). Pain assessment and management strategies utilized by nurses. Journal of Palliative Care 49(4): 122-127

Patrick, O. (2007). Nurses knowledge and practice of pain management. Retrieved 20th September 2016 from

Wilson, M. (2008). Postoperative pain management modalities utilized by nurses in healthcare facilities. Pain 899(13):144-47

Workin, C. (2006). Undermanaged pain in surgical patients: The role of the nurse. Nursing Times, 40(3): 120-125.