Main Article Content
Transformational leaders create a strategic vision, communicate that vision through enclosing and use of symbol, model the vision by “walking the talk” and acting consistently, and build commitment towards the vision. Entrepreneurial leadership is still essential in SMEs because the development of micro-entrepreneurs’ businesses would not be successful without demonstrating leadership traits that are effect This could perhaps be the reason as to why themes on micro-enterprises are successfully developed widely amid business developers and researchers, particularly for those keenly interested in determining a formula that defines successful micro-entrepreneurship. The study’s specific objective is to determine the effect of self-leadership on entrepreneuship development. The primary data was collected from direct responses from listed SMEs by using structured questionnaire with 412 respondents as a sample size for the study. The collected data was analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 22. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyze and interpret the data in this research. Specifically, descriptive statistics related to means, frequencies, percentages and trend analysis were used in this study. The findings show that self-leadership has a significant impact on SMEs development. This study can improve the performance and sustainability of Nigerian SMEs, thus increasing their capacity to create employment. Subsequently, the study recommends that management of SMEs should adopt good strategy in order to overcome leadership challenges.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Agburu, J. I., Anza, N. C. and Iyortsuun, A. S., (2017), “Effect of outsourcing strategies on the performance of small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs)”, Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 7(26), DOI 10.1186/s40497-017-0084-0.
Akinbola, O.A., Ogunnaike, O.O., &Ojo, O.A. (2013). Enterprise outsourcing strategies and marketing performance of fast food industry in Lagos state, Nigeria. Global Journal of Business, Management and Accounting, Vol. 3(1) 22-33.
Akinbode, G. A., & Ayodeji, F. (2017). Gender and Family Characteristics Differences in Work-Family, Family-Work Conflicts and Stress Among Dual-Income Earners Families: (An Empirical Analysis in Cosmopolitan Lagos, Nigeria). Gender & Behaviour, 15(3), 9424-9453.
Amaratunga, D., &Baldry, D. (2003), A conceptual framework to measure facilities management performance, Property Management, 21( 2), 171-189.
Buchanan, L. (2014, February). Built to last forever. Inc. Magazine, pp. 48–53 and 104– 105.
Chandra, C. and Kumar, S. (2000), “Supply chain management in theory and practice: a passing fad or a fundamental change?” Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 100 No. 3, pp.100- 13.
Chanzu, M. (2002). A survey of business outsourcing practices amongst private manufacturing companies in Nairobi. Unpublished MBA Research Paper University of Nairobi.
Cogliser , C. C., & Brigham, K. H. (2004). The Intersection of Leadership and Entrepreneurship: Mutual Lessons to Be Learned. . Leadersh. Q, 771–799.
Dapper, E. M. (2013). Personnel Outsourcing and Corporate Performance. European Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 5, No. 26, pp. 150-155.
Feenstra, R. & Hanson, G. (1996) ‘Globalisation, Outsourcing, And Wage Inequality’. NBER Working Paper Series, pp. 1-11.
Insinga, R., C. and Werle, M., J. (2000). "Linking outsourcing to business strategy." Academy
of Management Executive 14(4): 58-70.
Jirawuttinunt, S. (2015). The effect of HRM outsourcing on performance of multinational firms inThailand.Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 116-126.
Kamuri, N. (2010). The Challenges Facing the Implementation of Outsourcing Strategy at the Kenyatta National Hospital. Unpublished MBA Project, University of Nairobi.
Karam, K., Fariba, A., and Arash, A. (2014). Investigating the relationship between outsourcing and performance based on Balanced Score Card. Journal of Data Envelopment Analysis and Decision Science, 2(1) 1-11
Kenyon, G.N.N., Meixell, M.J.J., & Westfall, P.H.H. (2016). Production Economics Production outsourcing and operational performance: An empirical study using secondary data. International Journal of Production Economics, 171, 336-349.
Lacey, K. & Blumberg, D. (2005). Improving Business Performance with Outsourcing, Journal of Medical Marketing, 5(1), 15-18.
Lei, D., &Hitt, M. (1995). Strategic restructuring and outsourcing: The effect of mergers and acquisitions and LBOs on building firm skills and capabilities .Journal of Management , 21 (5), 835‐859.
Lubis, R. L. (2017). Assessing entrepreneurial leadership and the law: Why are these important for graduate students in Indonesia? Int. J. Arts Sci, 41–76.
Lyons., L. B. (2014). A Typology and Meta-Analysis of Outsourcing Relationship Frameworks. Strategic Outsourcing. An International Journal, 7 (2), 135-172.
Maku, J. K., and Iravo, M. A. (2013). Effects of Outsourcing on Organizational Performance at Delmonte Kenya limited. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 104-117.
Manufacturing Association of Nigeria (MAN) (2016). Manufacturing sector groans under recession weight. Available at https://www.vanguardngr.com/2017/01/2016-review-manufacturing-sector-groans-recession-weight/
National Bureau of Statistics (2017). Revenue: Manufacturers Suffer N30bn Decline In 3Months available at https://economicconfidential.com/financial/revenue-manufacturers-suffer-n30bn-decline-3months/
Nordin, F. (2008). Linkages between service sourcing decisions and competitive advantage: a review, propositions, and illustrating cases. International Journal of Production Economics (114 (1)), 40-55.
Nyangau, K., Mburu, K andOgollah, K. (2014). Effects of outsourcing strategy on procurement performance among universities in Kenya; International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom Vol. II, Issue 11.
Odhiambo, A. A. (2013). Factors influencing performance of youth owned micro, small and medium enterprises in Kenya. Int. J. Soc. Sci. Entrep. 2013, 263–272.
Pitt, M. & Tucker, M. (2008) Performance measurement in facilities management: driving
innovation? Property Management, 26, 241-254.
Pierre J. R, Timothy M. D, George S. Y., and Gerry, J (2009). Measuring Organizational Performance: Towards Methodological Best Practice. Journal of Management, Vol. 35 No. 3, 718-80
Renko, M., El-Tarabishy, A., Carsrud, A., & Bränn. (2015). Understanding and measuring entrepreneurial leadership style. J. Small Bus. Manag, 54–74.
Rosenzweig, P. (2007). Misunderstanding the nature of company performance: The halo effect and other businessdelusions. California Management Review, 49: 6-20.
Sako, M. (2006). Outsourcing and Offshoring: Implications for Productivity of Business Services, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 22 (4), 499-512.
Simchi-Levi, D., Ph. Kaminsky, & E. Simchi-Levi, (2004), Managing the Supply Chain: The Definitive Guide for the Business Professional, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Schumpeter, J. A. (1998). Economic Theoryand Entrepreneurial History, In Birley, S. (ed.) Entrepreneurship. Aldershot, Dartmouth:. Brookfield USA: Ashgate.
Vivian, W.M and Christopher, M. (2015). Effect of Information Technology Outsourcing on the Performance of Banks in Kenya: Application of the Balanced Scorecard. Journal of Business and Management. Volume 17, Issue 3.Ver. II (Mar. 2015), PP 83-89.
Webb, J. W., Bruton, G. D., Tihanyi , L., & Ireland, R. (2013). Research on entrepreneurship in the informal economy: Framing a research agenda. J. Bus. Ventur., 598–614.
Yeboah, A. (2013). The relationship between outsourcing and organizational performance. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(2), 1-13.