Vannamei Shrimp Cultivation Including Distribution, Feed Quality and Feeding Method

Main Article Content

Sanjide Aktur
Nilafu Yeumine


One of the commodities that help improve the economy of farmers in the country, especially in East China, namely the commodity shrimp. Shrimp is a source of high-quality animal protein. And for the state, shrimp is the prima donna of non-oil and gas exports. Shrimp is a type of brackish water consumption fish. The 13-segmented bodies are 5 head and 8 thoracic segments and the entire body is covered by an outer frame called an exoskeleton. Generally, Vannamei shrimp is available in the market, consisting mostly of sea shrimp. Only a small part consists of freshwater shrimp, especially in areas around large rivers and swamps near the coast. Freshwater shrimp are generally included in the Palaemonidae family so that experts call them the palaemonid shrimp group

Article Details



Chandran, A., & Jeyapaul, S. S. (2020). Bio-perceptions of Hydro carbon contaminated soil and its Bioremediation effect with Biological Consortia. Journal La Lifesci, 1(3), 15-24.

Chen, X., Zeng, D., Chen, X., Xie, D., Zhao, Y., Yang, C., & Liao, Z. (2013). Transcriptome analysis of Litopenaeus vannamei in response to white spot syndrome virus infection. PloS one, 8(8), e73218.

Gomez-Gil, B., Tron-Mayen, L., Roque, A., Turnbull, J. F., Inglis, V., & Guerra-Flores, A. L. (1998). Species of Vibrio isolated from hepatopancreas, haemolymph and digestive tract of a population of healthy juvenile Penaeus vannamei. Aquaculture, 163(1-2), 1-9.

Huang, Z., Li, X., Wang, L., & Shao, Z. (2016). Changes in the intestinal bacterial community during the growth of white shrimp, L itopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture Research, 47(6), 1737-1746.

Li, C., Weng, S., Chen, Y., Yu, X., Lü, L., Zhang, H.,& Xu, X. (2012). Analysis of Litopenaeus vannamei transcriptome using the next-generation DNA sequencing technique. PloS one, 7(10), e47442.

Lin, S., Lin, X., Yang, Y., Li, F., & Luo, L. (2013). Comparison of chelated zinc and zinc sulfate as zinc sources for growth and immune response of shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquaculture, 406, 79-84.

Qin, Z., Babu, V. S., Wan, Q., Zhou, M., Liang, R., Muhammad, A., & Lin, L. (2018). Transcriptome analysis of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) challenged by Vibrio parahaemolyticus reveals unique immune-related genes. Fish & shellfish immunology, 77, 164-174.

Wei, J., Zhang, X., Yu, Y., Huang, H., Li, F., & Xiang, J. (2014). Comparative transcriptomic characterization of the early development in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. PloS one, 9(9), e106201.

Xie, J. J., Liu, Q. Q., Liao, S., Fang, H. H., Yin, P., Xie, S. W., ... & Niu, J. (2019). Effects of dietary mixed probiotics on growth, non-specific immunity, intestinal morphology and microbiota of juvenile pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Fish & shellfish immunology, 90, 456-465.

Xu, L., Pan, L., Zhang, X., & Wei, C. (2019). Effects of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) on regulation of hemocyte intracellular signaling pathways and phagocytosis in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Fish & shellfish immunology, 93, 559-566.